Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||University of Tsukuba |
SHIIGAI Hiroyoshi Professor, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, University of Tsukuba, 構造工学系, 教授 (20016322)
ボンウ゛ィソムチャイ スハ゜ アジア工科大学院, 教授
ティマコルン プリダ アジア工科大学院, 研究開発センター長
ティンサンチャリ タワチ アジア工科大学院, 教授
ミリンタングン プラサー タイ王室灌漑局, 水文部長
ビブンセスト スビット タイ国研究評議会, 次長
KINOSHITA Takeo First Director, National Disaster Prevention Research Institute, 第一部長
YOSHINO Fumio Director, Public Research Institute, Ministry of Construction, 土木研究所, 水文部長
IKEBUCHI Shuichi Professor, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 防災研究所, 教授 (20026181)
TAKEUCHI Kuniyoshi Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Yamanashi University, 工学部, 教授 (50016672)
MUSIAKE Katumi Professor, Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, 生産技術研究所, 教授 (50011060)
MURAI Shunji Professor, Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, 生産技術研究所, 教授 (10013179)
VONVISSESOMJAI Suphat Professor, Asian Institute of Technology
TINGSANCHALLI Tawatchai Professor, Asian Institute of Technology
MILINTANGUL Prasert Director of Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department
VIBULSESTH Suvit Deputy Director, National Research Council of Thailand
THIMAKORN Prida Director, Regional Research Development Center, AIT.
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥14,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥14,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥7,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥7,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,500,000)
|Keywords||Chaophraya / Monsoon Asia / Hydrology / Remote sensing / IHP / IHP|
Development of Kingdom of Thailand has closely been related with Chao Phraya River Basin. The team investigated various hydrological and hydraulical features of Monsoon Asia, including socio-economical aspects, and focusing the Chao Phraya River Basin.
It was found out that the total Chao Phraya River Basin is now in a development stage, and its character is rapidly changing. Regarding with water usage in the region, the natural irrigation system is substituted by the flood control system. Since the available amount of water in Thailand is relatively small compared with her huge irrigation area and the increasing energy demands, the meaning of flood protection is more and more important.
Severe shortage of water is observed in the Northeast of Thailand up to Mekhong River. The team also observed salinity increase in a few reservoirs due to the excessive usage of ground water. In the South, a large scale of mud avalanches were observed due to inappropriate management of forestry.
It was also found that the remote sensing technology, combined with various conventional technologies of hydrology, hydraulics and river engineering, is a strong tool to deal with those problems.
Realizing those facts, Thai scholars in the team have already been alerted and, as one of the cosequences of this research, they supplied a lot of data available to the team, which are now in analyzing stage. They also investigated Japanese river management systems, which resulted the initiation of several bilateral cooperation programs.
The Royal Thai Government and UNESCO recognized these activities of the team, including the formation of IHP National Committies in Thailand and Malaysia.