Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Hiroshima University |
FUJIWARA Kenzo Professor, Hiroshima University, 文学部, 教授 (90034545)
SINGH B. V. Professor, Post Graduate College, Ambah, 教授
SHARMA R. C. Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, 国際研究学部, 教授
TOMOZAWA Kazuo Junior Lecturer, Tohoku University, 理学部, 助手 (40227640)
MAKINO Kazunari Associate Professor, Sasebo College of Education, 講師 (00173724)
IWASAKI Kimiya Associate Professor, Aichi University of Education, 教育学部, 助教授 (80135392)
OKAHASHI Hidenori Associate Professor, Hiroshima University, 文学部, 助教授 (00150540)
KOUNO Kenji Associate Professor, Hiroshima University, 生物生産学部, 助教授 (50034476)
NAKASATO Tsuguo Professor, Fukuoka University of Education, 教育学部, 教授 (60044343)
MAIDA Iwao Professor, Hiroshima University, 総合科学部, 教授 (90012533)
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥24,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥24,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥11,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
|Keywords||Drought-prone areas / Settlement changes / Irrigation / Rural community / Sheduled caste and tribes / Effectiveness of development policy / Commercial crops / Human ecosystems|
The objectives of the research is to make a better understanding on the Indian agricultural and rural system, particularly in connection with natural environments in the developing agricultural regions under the Drought Prone Area Program and canal irrigation project in the central India.
The research project was conducted from 1989 to 1991 in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra state. Main emphasis of research method was laid on intensive village survey. 6 sample villages were selected from the viewpoint of the development stage and socio-cultural diversity.
The result of geographical research works was published under the title of "Recent changes of agriculture and rural settlements in drought prone areas in India". The conclusion is as follows ;
(1) As developmental policy measures have frequently tended to be changed by political climate of central government, authorities could not follow its socio-political significance and consequences.
(2) Government loans and financial schemes have been sanctioned on a basis of self-innovative efforts of villagers, however infrastructure of village economy have not still been fully fledged enough to put spurt on repercussive development processes.
(3) Most villagers have been becoming very sensitive to economic situations and much more marketoriented than ever before. On the other hand, they have tended to get into debt on a alarming level.
(4) As most farmers are now improving their socio-economic status, time-honored traditional social organization are becoming gradually disintegrated in recent years.
(5) As villagers in less-developed areas, sharing severe environmental conditions compete with each others to utilize land and water resources, devastation and overexploitation is now rapidly under way.