|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1991: ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,300,000)
1.Development of methodology to visualize symptoms In this study, figures corresponding to 30 general symptoms were drawn by medical students on the basis of free imagination and association of visualized ideas. During the process of developing and increasing the comprehensibility of figures by trial and error basis, many practical suggestions were obtained from people working with us. Suggestions were classified into the following seven points: (1) Use simple lines, (2) Avoid to use cartoon-like expression, (3) Use facial expression to represent the general feeling and sensation of symptoms, (4) Try to discriminate the generality and/or locality of symptom, (5) Add situations to enhance the meaning, (6) Illustrate coping behaviors to enhance meaning, and (7) Express time and quantitative factors of the symptom.
2. Trial of the methodology and evaluation Symbols were inspected and the meaning of each symbol was guessed by three groups of people:(a) 7 hearing impaired people, (b) 20 specialists of sign language with normal hearing ability, and (c) 29 community health nursing students with normal hearing ability. On the average, these three groups guessed the meaning of 16.6,25.5 and 28.0 out of 30 figures, respectively. For those figures which were misunderstood by hearing impaired people, the details of the figures were corrected to reduce the misunderstanding.