YOKOI K. Kyoto Univ.Fac.of Medicine, Instructor, 医学部, 助手 (10200883)
ITOKAWA Y. Kyoto Univ.Fac.of Medicine, professor, 医学部, 教授 (80025593)
MASUDA T. Kyoto Univ.Fac.of Medicine, Assoc.Professor, 医学部, 助教授 (00027319)
平池 秀和 鈴鹿医療技術大学, 教授
Recently, with the changes of food habits and life styles, heart disease and cancer in Japan are increasing, and it is pointed out that good nutritional status will be very important to prevent of these diseases and to keep immunompetence. On the other hand, it is well known that magnesium plays the key role as an activator of nealy all enzymes, and under magnesium deficiency umbalance of these systems, such as, spleen hypertrophy, leukocytosis, lymphocyte abnomality, malfunction of neurotracmission, and changes in immune responses will be also expected.
Spleen cells and macrophage (Mphi) from rats fed magnesium deficient diet and normal diet for 1 or 2 weeks were collected in this study. Mitogene(ConA, LPS) and cytokines(IL-2, IL-3) productions in spleen cells, and IL-1 and IL-6 productions in Mphi were measured. Response to ConA of spleen cells of magnesium deficient rats was markedly enhanced in the compared with those of normal rats. Il-2 value in spleen cells, and IL-1 and IL-6 productions in Mphi of magnesium deficient rats were slightly higher. In interaction of T cells of spleen and Mphi, response to ConA of Mphi of magnesium deficient rats was decreased compared to normal rats.