|Budget Amount *help
¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1993: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1992: ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,200,000)
7.10133357, KAJITA, Takamichi, Hitotsubashi University, Faculty of Social Studies, Professor
9. According to the Realization of the European Common Market of 1993, free movement of persons is realized in EC countries. In this research, I made several categories of foreigners to distinguish each other. We can not talk about the foreigners in general, but several categories of foreigners, which are very different each other. These are (1)peoples of EC nations, (2)foreigners-residents of non-EC nations, (3)newcomers from Eastern Europe and ex-Soviet Union, (4)newcomers from Asia and Africa, who are often 'refugees' and 'undocumented workers'. We can also find out three levels of foreign workers. There are many peoples who move easily and often in EC countries. They are business men, students, graduated people, and so on. But, there are few general workers who move to the other EC countries. These two categories have different opinions on the treaty of Maastricht. And because of the long economic recession in EC, several EC countries like France and Germany witness the anti-foreigner movements. This tendency will be called 'national=populism' and they are often anti-EC oriented. But, on the other side, 'European Citizenship' is formalized and people are entering into the 'post-national' phase. So, the situation is very confused and difficult to analyze.