Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Chuo University |
UMEMURA Hiroshi Professor, Chuo University, 総合政策学部, 教授 (90124289)
章 瑩 新疆社会科学院, 副研究員
阿吉 努尓阿吉 新疆社会科学院, 副研究員
MORIKAWA Tetsuo Professor, Kyusyu University, 比較社会文化研究科, 教授 (50101275)
MATSUDA Toshimichi Lecturer, Chuo University, 文学部, 講師 (20276687)
HOSOYA Yoshio Professor, Tohoku Gakuin University, 教養学部, 教授 (50042164)
SHINMEN Yasushi Associate Professor, ILCAA,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, AA研究所, 助教授 (10235781)
KOMATSU Hisao Associate Professor, Tokyo University, 人文社会系研究科, 助教授 (30138622)
KUSUNOKI Yoshimichi Lecturer, Tshukuba University, 歴史人類学系, 講師 (50234430)
ZHANG Ying Researcher, Xinjiang Akademy of Social Sciences
HAJI Nur Haji Researcher, Xinjiang Akademy of Social Sciences
阿吉努 爾阿吉 新疆社会科学院, 副研究員
|Project Period (FY)
1993 – 1995
Completed (Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1995: ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1994: ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993: ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
|Keywords||Nomadic Culture / Urban-Agricultural Culture / Historical Relics / Restoration of Religion / Islam / Nationalism / Inner Asian Trade|
This project focused on the regions : In China, North-east area, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang Uyghur Region, in West Turkistan, Qirgizstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, particularly Uzbekistan and kazakstan. From the historical point of view, these areas keep common cultural elements for example Islam or the intimate connection between pastoral life and urban-agricultural life. However, when one observe each inhabitants' sense of belonging to the country and the consciousness of race, traditional culture and religion, it became clear that the cultural bases in these area is not homogeneity as following :
1. Sense of country and race : Uzbek people, for example, has increased their national awareness after the independence of 1991, but other countries dare not to follow them. The same Turkish people in Xinjiang live in the wave of the population increase of Han-Chinese people as well as the other minorities in China. There is little identical consciousness between the west and the east.
2. Religions : Historical tradition of Islam has revived particularly in the west, on the contrary the new revival of Islam in the east seems to be limited to specified areas or to personal scale according to the historical conditions. But it should be noted that the Hui people is developing the system of Islamic education. Among Tibetan Buddhism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism, especially the latter three seem to have taken chance to survive in the people's desire for the secular interests.
3. Historical relics and materials : The effort of discovery, preservation and study of cultural relics and materials has been continued everywhere. Unfortunately however, the fund to sustain the activity is absolutely short.
In addition, the rapid development of urbanization and the active international private trade should prepare the more actual and common characters of Central Eurasia. But, the diversity of inhabitants' various consciousness mentioned above may be alive separately.