|Budget Amount *help
¥2,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1994: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1993: ¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000)
This project aims to make the ethnography in order to grasp the folk customs synthetically in Buraku people, discriminated communities.
We had fieldwork studies in two areas. One is Enomoto, Ohira Town, Tochigi Pref. in the eastern part of Japan, and the other is Komaike, Neyagawa City, Osaka Pref. in the western part of Japan.
Komaike is a large community and has been urbanized remarkably. We need continuous researches here. Therefore, to mark the ethnography and to study the two communities comparatively remain as our future subjects.
This report focuses on the ethnography in Enomoto. The ethnographic features in Enomoto are as follows.
1. The folk customs in Enomoto are similar to those in urban cities. It is because most people there were tenant farmers and they engaged in various kinds of work, including daily employment, in order to lighten their financial difficulties.
2. Enomoto is not necessarily an agricultural village. The households can be devided broadly into three types ; full-time farmers, part-time farmers who do trades and those who work by the day.
3. In their daily life they usually don't make a show. Therefore, there are differences among families in annual events and rites of passage.
4. There are apparent classes even in Buraku. They are between former kogashira and other families, and between head families and branch families.
5. Buraku people have a vast range where they can have marital relations.