Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||University of the Sacred Heart (1994-1995)|
National Institute of Multimedia Education (1993)
FUJITA Keiji University of the Sacred Heart, Department of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (60021317)
MIO Tadao National Institute of Multimedia Education, Department of Research & Development, 研究開発部, 助手 (20219596)
KUBOTA Ken-ichi Kansai University, Department of Informatics, Assoc.Professor, 総合情報学部, 助教授 (80268325)
ODA Kijun Mie University, Department of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (90024489)
OHNOGI Hiroaki Fukui University, Department of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (60141462)
ITOH Hideko National Institute of Multimedia Education, Department of Research & Development, 助教授 (00108052)
村川 雅弘 鳴門教育大学, 学校教育部, 助教授 (50167681)
野嶋 栄一郎 (野島 栄一郎) 早稲田大学, 人間科学部, 教授 (20000086)
菅井 勝雄 大阪大学, 人間科学部, 教授 (40000294)
|Project Period (FY)
1993 – 1995
Completed (Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥15,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥15,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995: ¥4,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1994: ¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1993: ¥6,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,400,000)
|Keywords||Higher education / Instructional process / Instruction research / Teaching method / Instructional evaluation / Self learning / Video analysis / Self-modeling / 学生評価|
Purpose : This project aims at developing multimedia support systems to improve higher education based on the analysis of video-recorded instructional processes.
Focus : This study includes the following foci : (1) A taxonomic study of university instructional activities in terms of teacher-student interactions ; (2) Development of video-recording systems easily controlled by instructors during on-going classroom activities ; (3) Development of quantitative methods for describing characteristics of instructional activities by time-sampled video printings ; (4) Development of self-directed learning and evaluation programs for teachers and learners by the use of video-images of their own classroom activities.
Major Outcomes : Various types of instructional activities such as lectures, seminars, and practica were video-recorded and analyzed by the use of the time-sampled video picture printing system mentioned below which enabled us to measure teaching behaviors in qantitative as well as qu
alitative terms. The Automatic Printing System of Time Sampled Video Pictures provides us with a series of still pictures on video printing sheets (max. 144 pictures on an A4 size sheet) can then be efficiently used to analyze, compare and evaluate a number of video-logged classes.
Teachers' attention spans and the directions they attended to were examined. Directions of teacher's eyes were recorded in terms of forward, backward, sideward, upward and downward and durations of each time were measured in seconds. The distributions of attention spans of teachers can basically be described by a compound exponential distribution with two parameters, alpha and beta, which seem to reflect teachers' communicationg behavior patterns. A theoretical model for attention times in terms of information flows between the teacher and students is formulated and suceeds in obtaining fairly good agreements with various video-logged instructional activities.
A survey on instruction also revealed teachers' efforts to improve various aspects of teaching and learning activities, the effects of self-modeling on teaching improvements, changes of instructional self-efficacy before and after the instruction and the self-evaluation through video watching. Less