|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1994: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1993: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
The causes of nonspecific inflammatory diseases fo the intestinal tract--Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and intestinal Behcet's disease--are unknown. The remedies for these afflictions are total parenteral nutrition and the administration of steroids and salazosulfa pyridine immunosuppressants. It is known, however, that total parenteral nutrition over a long period leads to a decline in local immunocompetence, accompanied by disused atrophy of the intestinal tract. This produces expansion of an auxiliary lesion fo the inflammatory diseases and delayd healing.
The purposes of the research were as follow ;
(1) (a) Preparatory development targeting the creation of an absorbable EPA,which has a superior antiinflammatory effect. (b) The establishment of preparatory technology for emulsification by the use of lecithin, and (c) the creation of an emulsion that includes w-3 fat by mixing soybean oil and fish oil. (2) Examination of the effectiveness of the pervenous-administration method,
by using the newly developed fat nutrient on diseased-animals' models. (3) Confirmation of the effect as a fat nutrient (a) by administering an appropriate mixture of fish oil to animal models, (b) by analyzing the fatty acid in the serum, and (c) by examining the histological findings and the state of the biological function of the intestinal mucous membranes.
The results :
(1) The stable production of EPA (w-3 unsaturated fatty acid), the prevention of oxidization, and peroral pervenous administration became possible. (2)Creation of experimental animal models : Inflammatory colitis was created seven to ten days through anal postinjection of TNBS (2,4,6-trinitrobenzen sulfonic acid). (3) Remedial experiment using fish oil (w-3 unsaturated fatty acid)
The experiment was conducted on Groups 1 through 5. After assessing the healing of large-intestinal ulcer through pathologic histological examination, significant effects were observed in Groups 2 and 3. No notable changes were observed in body weight, blood tests, etc. Less