OTA Ikuo Grad.School of Agr.Kyoto Univ., Research Associate, 大学院・農学研究科, 助手 (00252495)
OKADA Shuji Fac.of Agr.Iwate Univ., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (70133907)
ISHII Yutaka Fac.of Agr.Hokkaido Univ., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (10002057)
ANDO Yoshitomo Fac.of Agr.Niigata Univ., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (50222790)
森 義昭 京都大学, 農学研究科, 講師 (60026474)
|Budget Amount *help
¥15,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥15,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1995: ¥6,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1994: ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,000,000)
Even in the forestry sector as well, internationalization of capital activities are common today. Trade of forest products has been increasing year by year, and interaction between three major regions, Pacific Rim, North America, and Europe is expanding rapidly with involving other countries such as Brazil, Chili, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In many exporting countries, timber production is shifing from old growth forest to second growth forests, and environmental awareness is becoming more and more popular.
In this project, we have two objectives. One is to analyze the process of reorganization of forest industry in US during 1980s, and to clarify its direct and indirect impacts to Japanese forestry and forest industry. The other is to study how big forest companies manage their forest in the upheaving environmental movement in the world, especially tropics. New Zealand is one of the good examples of successful management of harmonizing environmentalism and production oriented policy.
chieved two main results as follows :
1. Wood Giants are getting stronger power in forest sector in US.The situation today seems like oligopolistic competition. World top three Wood Giants, International Paper, Georgia Pacific, and Weyerhaeuser, are original US company. They have gross sales of more than ten billion dollars each year, and it is increasing 10 to 20% annually. They accomplished such big rate of expansion mainly by M & A,and made strong economic body with vertical and horizontal integration. This movement caused the same kind of integration of forest industries in both Europe and Japan.
2. Environmental movement has certain big power today. Especially in US,National Forest System experienced a big change of management policy. They set their first objective of managing forest in keeping healthy ecosystem, rather than timber production. It is of course pretty new in forestry, and is interesting to trace the controversy around such an ecology oriented forest policy for considering public forest issues in other parts of the world. Less