|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1995: ¥600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1994: ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,300,000)
The expression of c-fos in brain and endotoxin level in plasma were studied at 0,2,4,6,8 hours after occlusion of the superior mesenteric atery of rat. In sham-operated rat brain, a few neuronal cells strained by immunohistochemistry for c-fos were scattered in the hypothalamic paraventricular, hypoyhalamic supraoptic and lateral habenular nuclei. In arterial occlusion treated rats, however, many c-fos positive neurons were observed in certain populations of various brain regions. These positive cells were first detected as early as 2 hours after the treatment. The regions possessing occlusion-induced c-fos positive neurons include the nucleus tractus solitalius, subfornical organ, locus coeruleus, dorsal motor nucleus of vagus, hypothalamic paraventricular, supraoptic and ventromedial nuclei, lateral habenular nucleus, and central nucleus of amygdala, In these animals, the plasma endotoxin were kept at low levels during early period but were rapidly increased 6 hours afer surgery. The results indicate that certain neuronal systems such as the limbic, hypothalamic, and brainstem regions appear to be involved in a pathophysiological response to the mesenteric arterial occlusion. The present neuroanatomical evidence may support the idea that the emotional change seen in human necrotizing enteritis and sepsis is due to a direct influence of sepsis-associated alterations on the central nervous system. Since, inaddition, such neuronal activation in brain preceedes the elevation of plasma endotoxin level, other unknown factors than endotoxin may conduct the influence to the brain.