|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1995: ¥900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000)
Study 1 was performed in order to 1) conceptualize two aspects of socialization (sociality and sociability), and collect items to measure with questionnaire and analyze them, 2) examine the effects of generation and gender to these items and 3) investigate the relations between other three scales of socialization (self-esteem, locus of control and social anxiety) and our two aspects of them.
The results showed that the item scores of sociability tended to centralized upon the categories of moderately low score and moderately high score. Frequencies of the item scores in sociality were distributed more widely than those in sociability. The notions about generation and gender differences on item scores of sociality and sociability were sugges ted. Self-esteem and social anxiety showed higher correlation with both sociality and sociability than locus of control.
In the study 2, self-ratings on sociality and sociability were compared with two kinds of ratings by others which were performed by two staffs ("ratings-by-others (A)" and "ratings-by-others (B)" ). Residents of home for the elderly were subjects of self-rating, and staff of home rated residents' social relationships, sociality and sociability.
Cohen's coefficients of agreement (K) between self-ratings and ratings-by-others were calculated. It was shown that coefficients of agreement between ratings-by-others (A) and (B) tended to be higher than those between self-ratings and ratings-by-others, which was common to subjects' social relationships, sociability and sociality. In sociality and sociability, it was also demonstrated that 1) sociability was higher than sociality in coefficients of agreement between self-ratings and ratings-by-others, 2) the numbers of items in sociability showing the K of 0.4 and over were more than those in sociality, but 3) those in sociability showing the K of 0.2 through 0.4 were less than those in sociality.