Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||HYOGO KYOIKU UNIVERSITY |
SASAKI Masamichi Department of Social Sciences, Hyogo Ktoiku University, Professor, 学校教育学部, 教授 (30142326)
HAYASHI Fumi Department of Human Sciences, Toyou Eiwa University, Professor, 人文学部, 助教授 (00180977)
SUZUKI Tatsuzo Department of Information Sciences, Teikyo Heisei University, Professor, 情報学部, 教授 (90000190)
HAYASHI Chikio Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Emeritus Professor, 名誉教授 (50000188)
YOSHINO Ryozo Department of Statistics, Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Associate Professor, 領域統計研究系, 助教授 (60220711)
YAMAOKA Kazue School of Low, Teikyo University, Associate Professor, 法学部, 助教授 (50091038)
LEIDERMAN Herbert Department of Psychiatry, Stanford Iniversity, Professor
INKELS Alex Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Professor
リーダーマン ハーバード スタンフォード大学, 医学部, 教授
インケルス アレックス スタンフォード大学, 社会学部, 教授
|Project Period (FY)
1996 – 1997
Completed (Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥7,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1997: ¥5,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥5,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,000,000)
|Keywords||comparative study / national character formation / national character formation process / adolescent attitudes / empirical study|
The following research was conducted during fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
1. Collection and analysis of basic information on the formation of national character among adolescents ;
2. Collection, secondary analysis and evaluation of existing attitudinal survey data among adolescents and adults (over 20 years of age) within and outside of Japan ;
3. Performance and evaluation of pre-test surveys among adolescents in the State of California (three Japanese researchers who participated in the project visited the United States in 1996 to discuss the project with the U. S. team members) ;
4. Performance of a major survey in the United States (the Japanese principal investigator visited the polling company in New York in 1997 to discuses arrangements for the survey).
Using quota sampling methodology 1,000 households containing an adolescent and his/her parent were selected. A core set of 88 questions was administered to both the adolescents (aged 13 to 18) and the parents of the adolescents in face
to-face interviews. These questions covered such topics as family relationship with friends, attitudes toward school and community future plans, and attitudes toward religion and national character. An additional set of 15 questions was administered to the adolescents. These additional questions targeted the issue of maturity and were based on the Stanford Scale of Adolescence. Analysis of the survey data is currently in progress.
New insights stemming from the study are as follows.
1. From the previous national character study data, differences in adolescent attitudes between the United States and Japan with respect to the formation of national character were found to be quite substantial. In the present study however, attitudes and ways of thinking about materialism and post-materialism were supported not only for the adults over age 20 but also for the adolescents in both Japan and the United States, lending credence to and support for convergence theory.
2. Based on previous survey research results and the present pre-test results, it was found that quantitative analysis of open-ended questions is imperative for detecting and revealing the processes involved in the formation in national character in both nations. Less