Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
Biomedical engineering/Biological material science
|Research Institution||Kawasaki Medical School |
KAJIYA Fumihiko Kawasaki Medical School, Medical Engineering, Professor, 医学部, 教授 (70029114)
GOTO Masami Kawasaki College of Allied Health Professions, Medical Electronics, Associate Pr, 医用電子技術科, 助教授 (50148699)
OGASAWARA Yasuo Kawasaki Medical School, Medical Engineering, Associate Professor, 助教授 (10152365)
TSUJIOKA Katsuhiko Kawasaki Medical School, Physiolgy, Professor, 教授 (30163801)
SUGAWARA Motoaki Tokyo Women's Medical College, Cardiovascular Sciences, Professor, 医学部, 教授 (60010914)
SUGA Hiroyuki Okayama University Medical School, Physiology II,Professor, 医学部, 教授 (90014117)
FEIGL Eric O. University of Washington, Physiology, Professor
BASSINGTHWAIGHTE James B University of Washington, Bioengineering, Professor
VANBAVEL Ed University of Amsterdam, Medical Physics, Associate Professor
SPAAN Jos A.E. University of Amsterdam, Medical Physics, Professor
FEIGL Eric O ワシントン大学, 医学部, 教授
BASSINGTHWAI ワシントン大学, 医学部, 教授
SPAAN Jos A. アムステルダム大学, 医学部, 教授
|Project Period (FY)
1996 – 1997
Completed (Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥15,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥15,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1997: ¥7,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥7,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,700,000)
|Keywords||coronary circulation / intramyocardial microvessels / mechanical stress / tissue energetics / high-resolution icrocirculatory measurement / needle-probe CCD intravital microscopy / molecula biomechanics|
We organized this interdisciplinary project in order to provide a better undestanding of the regulation of the hierarchically structured coronary systems to hemodynamical and metabolic stimuli. Followings are the major findings, implicatins, and suggestions for the future direction of the collaborative research on coronary circulation.
1. With aids of needle-probe CCD intravital microscopy and coronary perfusion system, we evaluated for the first time the microvascular behavior in the subendocardial myocardial layrs which is at greatest risk of ischemia in the heart by controlling coronary arterial hemodynamics.
2. Not only subepicardial but also subendocardial arterioles showed rapid change in diameter in response to a change in coronary perfusion pressure.
3. Immediate response of coronary endothelium-derived nitric oxide to a change in shear stress was evaluated in vivo and contribution of nitric oxide to the mutual regulation of pulsatile coronary hemodynamics and myocardial energeticfs was suggested.
4. New mechanoenergetic evaluation of the myocardial performance was proposed in relation to the cellular energetics and molecular signaling. To incorporate myocardial energetics with coronary regulation in vivo, it was suggested taht moment of inertia during cardiac ejection should be taken into account.
5. Since the responses of intramyocardial microcirculatory flow and pressure to the coronary hemodynamics are quicker than ever predicted, further improvement of the spatiotemporal resolutions of the measuring systems of the coronary microcirculation is necessary.