|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1998: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
This study has been planned for the following purposes. Firstly, (1) examining various problems concerning human <life and death>, both in historical and in actual perspectives. Secondly (2) examining the problem with methods of partly phenomenology, and partly linguistic analysis. The expected results have been almost perfectly achieved by the critical co-operation between the Head Investigator and the two Investigators.
The Head Investigator, Shino, has achieved at some important results concerning the research-program named <the phenomenology of nature> and <the phenomenology of homo mortalis>. These two <phenomenologies> are closely connected with each other. Partly because the human being (Dasein) is situated m the natural world through the natural processes that brought him <life and death>, and partly because, on the other hand, the same human being transcends the natural processes and lives in (in-sein) human world through the awareness of his mortal destiny. The linkage between two points of view is both phenomenological and philosophical-anthropological.
One of the Investigators, Shimizu, with a background of long-term commitment to the medical fields, has brought a important change concerning the very concept of <QOL>, and achieved at one original standpoint concerning the ethics of <life and death>, The so-called <dignity of death> must be situated in the problematic concerning the <QOL>. Another Investigator, Kumano, has been concerned with the study of Emmanuel Levinas during the research-term. The responsibility for the Other, according to Levinas, is derived from the poverty which express the Other in his <visage>. The poverty is nothing another than the in-capability of the homo mortal himself From this standpoint we can learn many important perspectives concerning the ethics on human <life and death>.