TUZUKI Shinobu Nagoya U Sch.Med., 1st Dep.Int.Med., Clin.Staff, 医学部, 医員
TOWATARI Masayuki Nagoya U Sch.Med., 1st Dep.Int.Med., Clin.Staff, 医学部, 医員
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,800,000)
Ryudocan, a ubiquitous heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is a member of the syndecan family of cell surface proteoglycans. The full-length cDNA encoding the murine ryudocan core protein has now been cloned and sequenced. The deduced primary structure of mouse ryudocan, including the three glycosaminoglycan attachment sites in the extracellular domain as well as the transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions, is highly similar to those of the rat, human, and chicken proteins. Northern analysis detected a 2.7-kb transcript in all mouse tissues examined, with the highest concentrations apparent in liver, kidney, and lung. The mouse ryudocan gene was shown to span approximately 19.7 kb of genomic DNA and to contain five exons, with an intron-exon organization identical to that of the human gene. The promoter region of the mouse gene contains various cis-acting elements, including a TATA-like box and GC box as well as potential binding sites for the transcription factors NF-IL6, MyoD,GATA,C/EBP,AP-2, NF-kB,AP-1, and Sp1. Transient transfection experiments with a construct containing the 690 bp upstream of the transcription start site fused to a luciferase reporter gene showed functional promoter activity. Deletion analysis suggested that the proximal promoter region including the TATA-like box, GC box, and other Sp1 binding sites was required for full transcriptional activity. These findings will be useful for the study of ryudocan gene regulation and the generation of mice with targeted disruption of the gene.