TAKAO Katsuki Ritsumeikan Univ., College of Policy Science, 政策科学部, 教授 (50143681)
IWAMI Toshikatsu Ritsumeikan Univ., College of Policy Science, 政策科学部, 教授 (20016687)
NAKAGAMI Kenichi Ritsumeikan Univ., College of Policy Science, 政策科学部, 教授 (10109077)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997: ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,600,000)
Through this report, firstly, a reason why our current society should be transformed into a sustainable one will be explained. Secondly, a definition of a sustainable society will be defined conceptually. Thirdly, current situation of environmental management, environment industry and environment symbiosis town will be introduced. Lastly, a concrete programme for sustainable society will be argued.
A dematerialization in the material needs to deliver the services people want. By the researchers' estimates this responsibility implies a 90-percent decrease in materials use by industrial nations over the next half-century. Austria has incorporated a "Factor 10"(90 percent) reduction into its National Environmental Plan. We use as their model the natural world, and envision economies that operate with little virgin material, that introduce no hazardous materials into the air, soil, or water, and that generate no waste that cannot be used elsewhere in the economy or safely and easily absorbed by the environment.
We have compared modern housing and traditional vernacular housing from a standpoint of environmental commensality with LCA(Life Cycle Assessment) method. We taking up amount of energy consumption and COィイD22ィエD2 as the item of environmental load. Result are follows; A vernacular housing constructed with natural resources is superior to a modern housing that depend on artificial materials, to decrease an environmental load in the aspect of environment commensality.
Democratic nations may have reduced local environmental problems, but by importing fish, timber, food, and minerals from the rest of the world and exporting pollutants such as COィイD22ィエD2, they are doing more than their part to spoil the global commons. In the final analysis, it is the power of individuals, channeled through civic society, that will drive governments, international institutions, and businesses toward sustainability.