|Budget Amount *help
¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1998: ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,600,000)
Two methods of efficient lossless image compression are investigated for six band Landsat Thematic Mapper imagery. The images of the region surrounding Komatsu airport, a field region and a mountaneous region in Ishikawa Prefecture are used for testing.
1. Intraband prediction and interband reversible wavelet transform(RWT).
First, to remove the spatial correlation between pixels within each band, 2D prediction is performed, by which the entropy of the images decreases about 25% in average. Secondly, to remove interband correlation, two samples of the shortest wave length band and its adjacent band in the same spatial position are RW transformed and the high frequency (HF) sample is transmitted. The low frequency (LF) sample is again 2-point RW transformed with the sample of the next long wave length band, and the HF sample is transmitted and so on. By this, the entropy decreases by 0.11 bpp.
2. Intraband RWT and interband reversible KL transform(RKLT)
First, each band-image is two layer RW transformed into seven subbands. In addition, for the lowest subband, 2D prediction is performed. The entropy of images decreases about 28% in average. Secondly, the same frequency subband samples of six band images are six-point KL transformed. Then, rows of KLT matrix are replaced each other such that, in each row, the diagonal element is the maximum; from it, RKLT matrix is derived. After that, the eigen images of the second layer subbands are classified by their variances into 8 classes, by which the entropy decreases about 0.2bpp.