|Budget Amount *help
¥2,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1998: ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,400,000)
From 1994 to 1997, we analyzed resected gastric cancer samples for the DNA copy number alterations by CGH (Comparative Genomic Hybridization) and found differences in pattern of alterations depending on the extent of differentiation and tumor stage (Clinical Cancer Research 3 : 1067-1076, 1997). In this research, we have further extended these findings by examining low grade MALToma tissues before and after eradication of H. pylori. The eradication resulted in complete or partial regression of MALToma judging from endoscopic and histological observations. To see whether this "regression " also occurred at DNA level, the samples were subjected to CGH analysis. We found cases where DNA abnormality was still retained, though judged to be normal after the eradication. We are also analyzing precancerous lesions of colon and gastric, and hepatocellular carcinomas to find genetic alterations at initial stages of tumorigenesis.
To evaluate the findings obtained in gastric cancers we also analyzed adrenocortical tumors for genetic alterations in relation to extent of malignancy and homone production, depending on which we found differences in alteration patterns by CGH. Finally, we have examined genetic alsterations in oral squamous cell carcinomas and found amplifications in 1q, 3q, 5q, 8q, 11p, 11q, 13q, and 20p while decrease of DNA copy number in 18q.