The competitive advantage of Japanese industry
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Bunkyo Women's University |
OKAMOTO Yasuo Bunkyo Women's University, Business Administration, Professor, 経営学部, 教授 (50012109)
新宅 純二郎 東京大学, 大学院・経済学研究科, 助教授 (00216219)
桑田 耕太郎 東京都立大学, 経済学部, 教授 (50186558)
玉木 欽也 青山学院大学, 経営学部, 教授 (40188420)
周佐 喜和 横浜国立大学, 大学院・環境情報研究院, 助教授 (50216149)
ちょ 斗燮 (曹 斗燮 / けこ 斗燮) 名古屋大学, 大学院・国際開発研究科, 助教授 (20262834)
MASUDA Kazuo University of Tokyo, Profesor (70209435)
SAITO Junichi Yokohama University, Professor (60205648)
CIBA Shin International Christian University, Professor (10171943)
OKANO Yayo Ritsumeikan University, Assistnat Professor (70319482)
YANO Kumiko Ferris University, Assistant Professor (70308394)
|Project Period (FY)
1999 – 2001
Completed (Fiscal Year 2001)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,600,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥3,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,800,000)
Fiscal Year 2000: ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥3,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,800,000)
|Keywords||Politicizing / The World of Fragmentation / the change of Nationalism / After Septermer 11,2001 / Durban Conference / terrorism and nation state / public sphere / justic and amicability / (部品)モジュラー化 / 米国エレクトロニクス産業の再生 / 韓国・台湾企業の競争力の急速な拡大 / 中国の家電生産部門の成長 / 日本起業の垂直的分業システムの問題 / 機能関連繋を強めるSCMの必要 / EMSの活用とEMS化 / 海外拠点の戦略的活用 / 工場レベルの競争優位 / 多次元の競争優位 / 生産活動の抜本的見直し / 頭脳をもつ工場 / EMS-EMCS / 情報技術と生産システム / 海外拠点の戦略的再編成 / ビジネスモデルの再構築 / 工場レベルでの競争優位 / 自動化と自働化 / 多能工化 / TPM / 多品種少量生産システム / 製品開発・設計と製造システム / 情報技術と製造システム|
Our research subject is the competitive advantage of Japanese industry.
We selected electronics industry as a main target for examining this subject. Reasons are as follows ; This industry displayed strong competitiveness until the former half of 1980's. However many data are showing that the international competitiveness has decreased during 1990's.
On the other side, North American electronics industry dramatically recovered its competitiveness from the latter half of 1980's. It created and promoted so-called the day of Modularity and horizontal division of work among electronics firms. This means that specific module-components and parts are competitively developed and manufactured by each firms, if the explicit and comprehensive design rule is created and observed.
As a result, product innovation by each was accelerated. Its typical product is MPU of Intel.
Moreover, so-called EMS(Electronics Manufacturing system) have realized mass production and cost reduction by subcontracting the m
anufacturing function of many electronics firms.
In Korea, heavy investments have been achieved strategically and rapid progress of technology are realized by Zaibatsu firms. And in Taiwan, flexible integration between product design house and so-called foundry firms have showed its unique competitiveness.
Japanese big electronics manufacturer had a tendency to neglect the competitive strength in American, Korean and Taiwanese electronics industry during 1980's. They focused their strategic target on other Japanese competitor's behavior. And they inclined to build nearly same business model of the full line of product and vertically integrated structure. This is inconsistent with the direction of modularity. And it was difficult to decide priority investment to the strategic field.
Moreover, most of them have a tendency to lack effective communication and coordination between multiple functions such as product development, design, manufacturing and marketing.
In the international perspectives, Japanese headquarters are inclined to transfer parent's established strengths to the oversea's subsidiaries straightly and build the mini・structure.
Therefore they are insensitive to the strategically meaningfull message from the oversea's subsidiaries.
The above mentioned problems in Japanese electronics industry are nearly same in Japanese manufacturing industries as a whole nowadays.
Finally we are trying to find the directions to overcome such difficulties. Less
Report (4 results)
Research Products (12 results)