|Budget Amount *help
¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2000: ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
In this research project, I studied foreign cultural policy in the Federal Republic of Germany based on the supposition that the policymaking of international cultural relations and the construction of national identity are closely related to each other. Special interest was placed upon the transition of policymakers' idas about "self-other" relations, and the construction of what I called "liberal Federal Republic identity, " an open idea of self with which the paceful cooperation with other European countries was made possible.
Two issues were central in the research : first, the formalization of "liberal ideas of cultural relations, " which is based upon the broad concept of culture and the idea of cooperative partnership ; and, second, the European dimension of cultural relations. In addition to the research trip to Germany and France in the summer 2000, I participated in a group research project on a related theme, and gave presentations at academic meetings.
Following results came out. Firstly, the "liberal ideas of cultural relations" appeared already in the early postwar years, but became the official policy guideline only around 1970, when the national consciousness in the Federal Republic was going through structural transformation. Secondly, "Europeanness" has always been an important element of the identity of German policymakers, and this regional identity has been strengthened by Franco-German cultural cooperation. Actually, the development of various cultural activities on European scale since the 1990s seems to change the very essence of national foreign cultural policy.
Now I intend to publish a general history of "liberal Federal Republic identity" in the German foreign cultural policy. I would also like to develop the European dimension of the research, focusing on the policymaking of national foreign cultural policy and the transformation of national identity in Germany when regional cultural cooperation becomes increasingly important.