|Budget Amount *help
¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,700,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2000: ¥600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥600,000)
The purpose of this study is to give useful suggestion to establish new management system on water resource, revitalizing its multi functions. Because rural society which had conducted water resource management changed due to dramatic declination and differentiation of farmers. That is weakening of management system, though infrastructure of irrigation has been developed. New management system should be established, adapting to changing rural society. Investigations have been done mainly on (1) issues of irrigation management, (2) possibility of their solution through partnership formation among variable groups, (3) construction and management of the partnership.
Research Samples were collected not only in suburbanized areas where partnership formation for protection of environmental resources such as water have developed, but also in rural areas. The partnership both in these areas has been formed in many cases, introducing such as Ground Work activities. For example, in Kora town of Shiga prefecture revitalizing water resources to use not only in agriculture, but also in rural life such as washing vegetables, feeding fishes, milling cereals, watering peoples garden, etc. Concerted action by the residents out of farmers of its town against change from open canal to pipe especially in their dwelling place. The opposition between farmers and non-farmers gradually changed to harmonized relations. The partnership formation needs cooperative actions in basic living conditions.
Partnership formation is different in suburbanized and rural areas. In the former areas, variable groups join loosely to a core organization such as Mishima City Ground Work Association. In the latter areas, rural communities are revalued and revitalized towards new ones attending by varied habitants. Thus, the kinds of these partnership can contribute to manage well regional resources such as water.