NOMOTO Hisa Ehime University School of Medicine Assistant Professor, 医学部, 講師 (50259652)
NORIMATU Sadako Ehime University School of Medicine Associate Professor, 医学部, 助教授 (80208404)
SUYAMA Keiko Ehime University School of Medicine Associate Professor, 医学部, 助教授 (50214713)
SIMIZU Midori Ehime University School of Medicine Research Associate, 医学部, 助手 (50294806)
ONOSAKA Hitomi Ehime University School of Medicine Research Associate, 医学部, 助手 (70284403)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2000: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,700,000)
Purpose : The purposes of this study are to examine the QOL and self-efficacy of family caregivers and to investigate the connection between life-style and the circumstances of care giving. A support model for family caregivers is constructed.
Method : The participants in the study were 191 primary caregivers of elderly people being cared for at home in Ehime prefecture (45 islanders, 50 rural inhabitants and 96 city dwellers). The questionnaire included items related to the care-recipient's background, physical circumstances, Activity of Daily Living (ADL), Life Satisfaction Index K(LSIK), level of care need, as well as items relating to the caregiver's background, physical circumstances, family APGAR, period of care-giving, daily care-giving time, use of community care services, Visual Analogue Scale of happiness (VAS), and self-efficacy.
Results and discussion :
1. The primary caregivers in the three areas were predominately female. While they were usually the daughter-in-laws in islan
d communities, they were the spouses in rural and urban areas.
2. The most common level of care need was level 4 for islanders, level 1 for rural inhabitants, and level 5 for city residents.
4. Overall, the VAS scores for the primary caregivers in all three areas had declined, compared to before they started caring for the elderly family member. However, this had risen or remained the same for 30% of the caregivers.
5. A factor analysis of the self-efficacy scale identified three factors : the first factor is "will to continue care giving", the second factor is "self-control towards the care giving situation", and the third factor is "use of information concerning care giving".
6. Correlations were found between VAS, self-efficacy and family APGAR, respectively.
7. Factors influencing VAS and self-efficacy were physical circumstances and number of family members.
These results indicate that it is necessary for caregiver support to consider the characteristics of family needs depending on area, and the physical and mental states of the caregivers. Less