YAMAMOTO Shinichi Tsukuba University, Research Center for University, Studies, Professor, 教育学系, 教授 (10220469)
TSUKAHARA Shuichi National Institute for Educational Policy Research, Higher Education Research Division, Senior Researcher, 高等教育研究部, 総括研究官 (00155334)
NEGISHI Masamitsu NII, Research Information Research Division, Professor, 学術研究情報研究系, 教授 (90114602)
喜多村 和之 国立教育研究所, 教育政策研究部, 部長 (30034664)
(1) Recent trends in Education, Science and Technology in Major Countries
Based upon OECD Country Reports and other basic materials on major countries, we analyzed the recent situations over the coordination and cooperation between their respective educational policies and science and technology policies. As a result, we identified the Ministry of Education had merged with the Ministry of Science and Technology in the United Kingdom, France and Germany. We also found out there were several other countries who had introduced advanced policies in these f ields. Among them, we visited for interviews the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United States in 1999 fiscal year, and Korea, Taiwan and Australia in 2000 fiscal year.
At the same time, we surveyed academic publications, data and materials on Japanese higher education and manpower policy, and paid site visits to some universities and related organizations. We analyzed the following topics in Japan : requests for t
he universities from the industrial world ; higher education in the science and technology policy ; external funding to the universities ; interdisciplinary graduate education between natural and social sciences ; articulation between high school and higher education ; science education and the public understanding of science ; an appraisal on the university evaluation policy.
(2) Publication and Citation of Papers by Japanese University Researchers
This study analyzed research activity conducted by Japanese universities researchers in the period 1981 to 1999. Using ISI's National Citation Report (NCR) for Japan, a statistical database on citations for scientific papers, we processed and analyzed publications and citations of papers published by Japanese university researchers by institute, research field, type of institutions, and we identified 28 high-impact papers by Japanese authors received more than 1000 citations over 1981- 1998 as well. Based on these statistics, we also made citation analysis across research fields, showing that there existed several different citation patterns, which suggests different indicators or criteria should be taken into consideration in research evaluation for different fields. Less