Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||TOKYO METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY |
SAKAI Makoto Tokyo Metropolitan University, Graduate School of Science, Professor, 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (70016129)
TAKAKUWA Shoichiro Tokyo Metropolitan University, Graduate School of Science, Associate Professor, 大学院・理学研究科, 助教授 (10183435)
KURATA Kazuhiro Tokyo Metropolitan University, Graduate School of Science, Professor, 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (10186489)
OKADA Masami Tokyo Metropolitan University, Graduate School of Science, Professor, 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (00152314)
MOCHIZUKI Kiyoshi Chuo University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Professor, 理工学部, 教授 (80026773)
ISHII Hitoshi Waseda University, Faculty of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (70102887)
平田 雅樹 東京都立大学, 大学院・理学研究科, 助手 (70254141)
肥田野 久仁男 (肥田野 久二男) 東京都立大学, 大学院・理学研究科, 助手 (00285090)
|Project Period (FY)
2000 – 2003
Completed (Fiscal Year 2003)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2000: ¥900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000)
|Keywords||Potential theory / Free boundary problem / Quadrature domain / Hele-Shaw flow / ヘレショウ流れ|
We studied a flow produced by injection of fluid into the narrow gap between two parallel planes, which is called a Hele-Shaw flow, and discussed the shape of the flow for immediately after the initial time. This is a typical free or moving boundary problem described by elliptic equations. We applied potential theoretic methods to the problem and succeeded in obtaining more accurate descriptions of the flow than before. We treated the case that the initial domain has a corner on the boundary. If the interior angle is less than a right angle, then the corner persists for some time with the same interior angle, whereas if the angle is greater than a right angle, then the corner disappears immediately after the initial time. The other critical case is the case that the interior angle equals to 2π. We gave a detailed discussion in this case and obtained good conditions for the corner to be a laminar-flow point.
In addition to the contribution to our study, each of the investigators obtained his own results.
Okada studied numerical harmonic analysis and obtained estimates on approximations of functions.
Kurata discussed nonnegative solutions of nonlinear elliptic equations and obtained the existence theorem for certain unbounded domains.
Takakuwa showed the uniqueness theorem for p-harmonic maps by applying the generalized Pohozaev identity.
Ishii treated homogenization of Hamilton-Jacobi equations and discussed the rate of convergence of the homogenization.
Mochizuki discussed large time asymptotics of eigenfunctions and spectral representation.