Comprehensive Basic Observational Research on the 2000 Eruption of Mt. Usu and Its Application for Mitigating Related Volcanic Disasters
Grant-in-Aid for Special Purposes
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY |
OKADA Hiromu Hokkaido Univ. Grad School of Sci, Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (40000872)
OSHIMA Hiromitsu Hokkaido Univ. Grad. School Scl., Inst., 大学院・理学研究科, 助教授 (10213703)
KASAHARA Minoru Hokkaido Univ. Grad. School Scl., Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (40001846)
UI Tadahide Hokkaido Univ. Grad. School Scl., Prof., 大学院・理学研究科, 教授 (10007164)
HIRABAYASHI Jun-ichi Tokyo Inst. Tech., Volc. Fluid Res. Center, Prof, 火山流体研究センター, 教授 (30114888)
WATANABE Hidefumi Univ. Tokyo, Earthq. Res. Inst., Prof, 地震研究科, 教授 (20113649)
|Project Period (FY)
Completed (Fiscal Year 2000)
|Keywords||prediction of volcanic eruption / mitigation of volcanic disasters / dacite magma / Magmato-phreatic eruption / phreatic eruption / volcanic deformation / Mount. Usu / lava dome / 2000年有珠山噴火 / 火山災害 / 災害情報 / デイサイト質マグマ / 潜圧溶岩ドーム|
On the occasion of 2000 eruption of Mt. Usu, Hokkaido, Japan, prompt scientific advises based on the real-time research data and accumulated knowledge over decades encouraged officials and people in the area for conducting successful evacuation in time. Ca. 15,000 people evacuated and resulted economical and social impacts were very serious at first and central government opened local emergency center in Date City.
Members under this scientific program worked hard mostly based at temporary prefab observatory with collaborators over wide academic fields, discussing daily schedule and field gains, and submitting the basic knowledge daily to Mt. Usu Subcommittee of Coordinating Committee for Prediction of Volcanic Eruptions in Japan and Local Emergency Center. Basic knowledge integrated by our group was systematically communicated for the authority for the decision of evacuation cancellation and any difficult operations in risk-prone area. Direct explanation and recommendation to evacuees
were another type of our academic tasks.
Main part of the results came from precise hypocenter determination, other observational results especially from the networks of air wave and GPS, various geodetic, geoelectrical, geomagnetic, geothermal, geochemical, geomorphorogical, geological studies in the field. Modeling the course of volcanic activity and subsurface magma intrusion process, advises for possible mudflows and their mitigation scheme were another concerned subjects by the group.
Termination of magmatic activity was clearly detected by the evidences of subsidence of the uplifted area and coincidental seismicity drop to background level. This mechanism was the same as that occurred 1977-1982 activity of Mt. Usu. Caution still need to the phenomena occurring at a few craters and surrounding limited area for the long-lasting geothermal phenomena.
Two countries, New Zealand and French sent investigation team to Mt. Usu and scientific results by our group were acknowledged by their reports as a common sense of volcano country. Less
Report (2 results)
Research Products (17 results)