Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Hirosaki University |
TANNO Tadashi Hirosaki University, Regional Studies, Professor, 大学院・地域社会研究科, 教授 (30092266)
SAKUMICHI Shinsuke Hirosaki University, Faculty of Humanities, Professor, 人文学部, 教授 (50187077)
YAMASHITA Yusuke Hirosaki University, Faculty of Humanities, Associate Professor, 人文学部, 助教授 (90253369)
KIDACHI Ruriko Hirosaki University, School of Medicine, Instructor, 医学部, 講師 (60197192)
IGARASHI Setsuko Hirosaki University, School of Medicine, Instructor, 医学部, 助手 (40250625)
HABUCHI Ichiyo Hirosaki University, Faculty of Humanities, Associate Professor, 人文学部, 助教授 (70333474)
木村 敏明 弘前大学, 人文学部, 講師 (80322923)
安 祐子(杉山 祐子) 弘前大学, 人文学部, 教授 (30196779)
北村 光二 岡山大学, 文学部, 教授 (20161490)
田中 重好 名古屋大学, 大学院, 教授 (50155131)
|Project Period (FY)
2001 – 2004
Completed (Fiscal Year 2004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,600,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥2,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,400,000)
|Keywords||depopulation / aging-society / "Dekasegi"working away from home / city residents / social migration / creation of local culture / Tsugaru / 地域社会 / 介護 / 在宅介護 / 介護文化 / 介護用品 / ケア・マネージャー / 介護保険 / 開拓集落 / 在宅看護 / 近代化 / フィールドワーク / ケニア / 文化比較|
(1)The purpose of research
This project aims to clarify the changing process of the life-world, social structure and culture of local societies in Tsugaru area, Aomori prefecture of Northern Japan through the method of intensive fieldwork. The research team is interdisciplinary organized of those members of different disciplines such as sociology, social psychology, cultural anthropology and nursing study.
(2)Research subjects :
3 main subjects were focused as follows :
1)The process of aging in local communities
2)Depopulation and aging process of local communities
3)Case studies of local communities
1)The "care-managers" are caught in a "double-bind" position between clients' needs and local administrations' requirements, while they are thought to have a control over making nursing plans. It is important to create a "nursing culture" in order to settle the nursing activities into the daily life of ordinary people.
2)Population outflow of the aged 60s and 70s were relatively small compared to those of other prefectures. Intra-area migration pattern within the city is obviously seen among the Hirosaki-city residents.
3)Dekasegi custom, working away from home, which was maintained through the Taisho and Showa era, turned out to be one of the primary reasons to control the local population outflow, allowing the villagers to return their home as well as securing cash income. The characteristics of cooperative organization shows the flexible alignments supported by multiple social network, which enabled the aged villagers to make the "tradition" into an updated local culture.