Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Kobe University |
KATO Hiroyuki Kobe University, Graduate School of Economics, Professor, 大学院・経済学研究科, 教授 (70152741)
NAKAGANE Katsuji Aoyama Gakuin University, School of international Politics, Economics and Business, Professor, 国際政経学部, 教授 (80114958)
MORI Kazuko Waseda University, School of Political Science and Economics, Professor, 政経学部, 教授 (40200323)
HISHIDA Masaharu Hosei University, Faculty of Law, Professor, 法学部, 教授 (00199001)
MARUKAWA Tomoo University of Tokyo, Institute of Social Science, Associate Professor, 社会科学研究所, 助教授 (40334263)
KAJITANI Kai Kobe Gakuin University, Faculty of Economics, Associate Professor, 経済学部, 助教授 (70340916)
大島 一二 東京農業大学, 国際食糧情報学部, 教授 (40194138)
黄 りん 神戸大学, 大学院・経営学研究科, 助教授 (40225363)
天児 慧 早稲田大学, 政治経済学部, 教授 (70150555)
大塚 豊 名古屋大学, 大学院・国際開発研究科, 教授 (00116550)
|Project Period (FY)
2002 – 2004
Completed(Fiscal Year 2004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥27,170,000 (Direct Cost : ¥20,900,000、Indirect Cost : ¥6,270,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥7,150,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,500,000、Indirect Cost : ¥1,650,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥10,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,000,000、Indirect Cost : ¥2,400,000)
Fiscal Year 2002 : ¥9,620,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,400,000、Indirect Cost : ¥2,220,000)
|Keywords||Globalization / China / Regional development / Labor migration / Local government budget / Education / Regional disparity / Land mobilization / 中小都市の発展 / 少数民族 / 貧困支援 / 国際研究者交流 / 内陸開発 / 貧困扶助政策 / 企業誘致 / 財政移転|
We conducted the field studies in Guangyuan city, Sichuang province, in December 2002, and March and November 2003. The supplementary field studies were done in Kaxgar city, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in August 2003, and in Nanchong city, Sichuan province, in December 2003. In addition we held an international symposium at Dujiangyan city, Sichuang province, on November 4-5, 2004 and we published a collection of articles in China.
The results of our research revealed four new findings.
1.The process of globalization has increased regional disparity between inner and coastal region in China. It has become a critical situation for medium and small-sized cities in inner region in particular. More government investment in infrastructure has not always been able to narrow the gap.
2.There were four serious problems which county, town and village governments in the inner region faced. They were : (1)a severe financial situation where almost all of the government budgets had gone to pay s
alaries, a situation called "Chi fan cai zheng"; (2)lack of budgets from formal sources ; (3)severe cumulative debt ; and (4)lack of man power and materials to perform public services like medical care and education.
3.It became clear that the role which education spending plays in developing area is important. While it was necessary to transfer the financial burden for disbursement of education from township and village governments to county governments to maintain the standard of education in poor areas, policy makers must pay considerable attention to how to increase rate of returns to education to better utilize limited resources effectively.
4.We found new controversies about the policy of incentives to promote land transactions. While circular migration between rural and urban areas has increased because of globalization, the transfer of land operation rights to active farmers has become more important for a more effective use of uncultivated lands. However, according to our field studies, the rate of return on agriculture is so low that these transfers have been ineffective in improving farmland use. As a result, the amount of neglected farmland increased.
This survey focused mainly on the activities of county governments, enterprises and intermediate organizations. It made us keenly realize that we need to use microeconomics in order to analyze how village governments and rural households determine production and consumption. Such further studies are needed. Less