Unsaturated groundwater flow and pollutant migration in EDZ of tunnels excavated in soft rock for nuclear waste disposal
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Saitama University |
WATANABE Kunio Saitama University, Geosphere Research Institute, Professor, 地圏科学研究センター, 教授 (00008880)
SATO Kuniaki Saitama University, Geosphere Research Institute, Professor, 地圏科学研究センター, 教授 (10008881)
KAZAMA Hidehiko Saitama University, Geosphere Research Institute, Assoc.Professor, 地圏科学研究センター, 助教授 (40008868)
OSADA Masahiko Saitama University, Geosphere Research Institute, Assoc.Professor, 地圏科学研究センター, 助教授 (00214114)
|Project Period (FY)
2002 – 2004
Completed (Fiscal Year 2004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥13,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥13,700,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥2,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,400,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥8,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,800,000)
|Keywords||Nuclear waste disposal / Soft rock / Evaporation / Field measurement / Bore hole / Shallow underground / Mt.Terri Laboratory / Unsaturated zone / 蒸発計測 / トンネル / 放射性廃棄物余裕深度処分 / モンテリ地下実験場 / 岩盤浸透流 / 堆積軟岩 / 微小浸透流 / ボーリング / オパリナス泥岩 / トンネルの緩み域|
Tertiary sedimentary rock that is classified as a kind of soft rock has been thought as a potential host rock for isolating hazardous nuclear waste. The biggest problem should be studied before constructing disposal site is to make clear the hydraulic feature of excavation damaged zone(EDZ) that is formed near tunnel wall due to the stress change and drying. In this research, the unsaturated flow in the EDZ was basically evaluated by using the evaporation logging equipment that was newly developed in this project. The accuracy of the evaporation measurement from the bore-hole wall was validated by the laboratory tests, then, this equipment was applied in some actual bore-holes.
The major items of this research works in this project are as follows :
^*Development of evaporation logging equipment that can measure the little in-flow into a bore holes.
^*Development of a new permeability estimation technique from the measured result by the evaporation logging equipment
^*Application of the equipment and the permeability estimation technique to tunnels in two sites, the Mt.Terri Under ground Research Lab. (Switzerland) and the Rokkasho Nuclear Waste Disposal Site (Japan).
^*Laboratory test for evaluating the fracturing process due to the drying of soft rock.
Results obtained are as follows ;
(1)Evaporation from bore-hole wall could be well measured by using the new evaporation logging equipment when the air discharge passing through the bore-hole was less than 101/min.
(2)Estimation of the hydraulic conductivity of the rock just behind the bore-hole wall was successfully performed. The hydraulic conductivity values estimated for the Opalinus Clay of the Mt. Terri Laboratory were in the order of 10^<-12>cm/s.
(3)It was clearly found that the evaporation logging equipment could be well applied to the actual problems.
(4)The volumetric change of some kinds of soft rock specimen due to the drying was measured with observing the occurrence of fractures.
Report (4 results)
Research Products (28 results)