Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO |
KOSHINO Hisashi HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, 歯学部, 助教授 (90186669)
KONISHI Yoji HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, 歯学部, 講師 (00195760)
ISHIJIMA Tsutomu HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO, INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCE, PROFESSOR, 医療科学センター, 教授 (60211041)
HIRAI Toshihiro HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, PROFESSOR, 歯学部, 教授 (80014273)
KIBANA Yatomo HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, ASSISTANT, 歯学部, 助手 (20337033)
YOKOYAMA Yuichi HEALTH SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF HOKKAIDO, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, ASSISTANT, 歯学部, 講師 (50295903)
|Project Period (FY)
2002 – 2003
Completed (Fiscal Year 2003)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥2,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,400,000)
|Keywords||Swallowing Function / Swallowing Sound / Tongue Movement / Ultrasound Diagnostic Equipment / Denture / 補綴装置|
The purpose of this study was to develop an objective evaluation method for swallowing
Ten healthy, fully dentate males (average age: 29.5 ± 3.6 years old) were selected as subjects. To observe tongue movements in swallowing the test food, general-purpose ultra-sound diagnostic equipment was used with a 5 MHz electronic convex sector scanning probe. To record swallowing sounds, a heart sound microphone was connected to the ultra-sound diagnostic equipment through a physiologic signal unit. The tongue movements and swallowing sounds were simultaneously recorded on recording paper and analyzed by plotting five inflection points (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) of the movement curve and two beginning points of swallowing sounds (S1 and S2) using a digitizer. Subjects were directed to swallow the test food (a starch compound mixed with water) with 3 bodily positions; sitting in upright position in the dental chair, reclining at a 300 angle in the dental chair, a complete reclining
position in the dental chair. Also, X-ray images by a videofluorography were recorded simultaneously with echo images and swallowing sounds in five healthy, fully dentate males in upright position.
It was confirmed that all the data of 10 subjects had repeatability. There was statistically significant correlation between T4 and Si, T4 and S2 (p<0.001), respectively. Si were always ahead of T4. From the VF-image, Si coincided with the point of time that the epiglottis was just going to shut, and T4 coincided with the point of time that the tail of test food has just got to the esophagus.
In the complete reclining position, time from the starting point of swallowing to T_3, T_4, S_1 and S_2 were significantly extended (p<0.05), and time from T_3 to T_4 was also significantly extended (p<0.05). There was a significantly correlation between T_4 and S_1, statistically (p<0.05).
From this investigation, it is suggested that our evaluation method could be useful for the diagnosis of swallowing. Less