KAI Satashi Kyushu University, Faculty of Agriculture, Professor, 農学研究院, 教授 (70038313)
FUJISHIMA Hiroji Tokyo University of Agriculture, Faculty of International Agriculture and Food Studies, Professor, 国際食料情報学部, 教授 (70287449)
SAITO Osamu Chiba University, Faculty of Horticulture, Professor, 園芸学部, 教授 (40144894)
KIMINAMI Riri Niigata university, Faculty of Agriculture, Associate Professor, 農学部, 助教授 (40272132)
KIMINAMI Akira The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Associate Professor, 大学院・農学生命科学研究科, 助教授 (00186305)
|Budget Amount *help
¥28,080,000 (Direct Cost: ¥21,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥6,480,000)
Fiscal Year 2005: ¥8,580,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,980,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥8,970,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,070,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥10,530,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,430,000)
Firstly, we clarified a development course of interdependence relations and agriculture in East Asia.
For Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, we collected data from statistics of agriculture, economy, and trade, made the database of duty of farm products, trade of food, food security systems and clarified a basic structure of East Asian agriculture and food economy. In addition, through analysis of a document about each agro-politics, we clarified a switch process of agro-politics and discussed relations with economic development of East Asia.
Secondly, we clarified the issue of structure of East Asia agriculture based on research. We carried out field work research in Japan, China, Korea, and Taiwan. In investigation in Korea, I held a research meeting for the study and carried out investigation analysis of vegetables export company and a model area of an agriculture cluster. Research topics of each member are the formation of an agriculture cluster, product differentiation and brand of agricultural products, evaluation of rice by a consumer, possibility of farm products export, economic effect of FTA, urban agriculture, a less favored area policy, food safety, environment-friendly agriculture, circulation system reform.
Finally, we elucidated a competitive condition and a Cooperative condition around East Asian agriculture. Based on a result by fact-finding analysis, we showed these conditions. As for competitive condition, importance of competitive advantage to be based on competitive strategy is pointed out with a comparative advantage based on the factor endowment condition that is the source of a competitive power. It was made in particular clear that a role of competitive advantage by the cluster formation such as induction of innovation by industrial accumulation became significant. As for cooperative condition, the importance of mutual supplement-relationship was clarified. Furthermore, we clarified a rule factor of a sustainability of agriculture in each country.