IMAMURA Yuji KYOTO UNIVERSITY, RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE HUMANOSPHERE, PROFESSOR, 生存圏研究所, 教授 (70151686)
TANAKA Fumio KYOTO UNIVERSITY, RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE HUMANOSPHERE, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, 生存圏研究所, 助教授 (10109069)
菊池 光 エスエスアロイ(株), 研究開発部, 取締役
井出 勇 リグナイト(株), 開発部, 取締役
|Budget Amount *help
¥14,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥14,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2005: ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥8,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,700,000)
The possibility of producing new carbon materials based on biomass resources and their applications as advanced carbon materials imply to be able to control their texture, microtexture, surface chemistry, and to propose experiments and processes emphasizing their characteristics. Various pretreatment methods for carbonized wood such as catalytic carbonization with Alumina, Aluminium triisopropoxide, fast pyrolysis, silicon oxide, TEOS, cupper-chromium-arsenic, have been investigated in order to form carbon nanotubes on the surface of carbonized wood.
Japanese cedar, i.e. Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica), was at first carbonized in an electric furnace at 700 ℃ under N_2 flow, at 4 ℃/min heating rate, for one hour. The resulting charcoal was milled and then soaked in a 40 % isopropyl alcohol solution of Al-triisopropoxide. After drying, the specimen was carbonized in a pulse current sintering apparatus up to 1300 ℃ for 5 min. Without catalyst and after "classical" carbonization, such carbonized-wood consists in a non-graphitizing carbon with a highly porous texture. In our experiment, due to catalyst addition, the intermediate reaction of Al_2O_3 with carbon leads to the formation plate-like Al_4C_3. Then this latter compound dissociates under the proper CO pressure and temperature, leading to the formation of Al vapor and well-ordered graphitizing carbon at low temperature. The modification of the texture, microtexture and structure of such carbonized samples was followed by scanning and transmission electron microscopies and will be presented.
Subsequently, on this carbonized then sintered samples, we demonstrated that growth of catalytic multiwall carbon nanotubes was possible. Experiments were performed at 650 ℃ under N_2/H_2 then N_2/C_2H_4 atmospheres. Multiwall carbon nanotubes with a diameter of about 50 nm were produced. Possible applications can be lithium ion batteries.