Processing Mechanisms of Icons-Analysis by Metaphor and Words Distances-
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Musashi Institute of Technology |
SHIMIZU Yumiko Musashi Institute of Technology, Faculty of Environmental and Information Studies, associate professor, 環境情報学部, 助教授 (30298020)
|Project Period (FY)
2003 – 2004
Completed (Fiscal Year 2004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,800,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,600,000)
|Keywords||icons / metaphor / word distances / processing mechanisms / understandability|
To investigate the processing mechanisms of icons, three researches have done.
1.The classification based on the relations between icons and their objects.
2.Determination of subjective distances between icons and their objects.
3.Determination of reaction times between icons and their objects.
Seven main categories selected by 1 were used for 2 and 3 determinations. The names of categories were "superordinate", "impression", "time", "action", "internal component", "location" and "metaphor". Seven categories analysis of variance(ANOVA) were conducted involve 2 and 3. There were significant differences between seven categories both subjective distances and reaction times.
Conditions for better understandability depending on categories were as follows.
(1)When people can judge the relations between icons and their objects without perceptual simulations like "time", they says that categories are intelligible.
(2)When categories have sensibility to touch like "action", they are intelligible.
(3)When categories are based on strong contiguity like "internal component", people feel they are understandable.
Report (3 results)
Research Products (12 results)