|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2005: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
For university instructors, acceptance of students from other countries representing a diversity of cultural backgrounds has become a requirement of their profession. The study aims at investigation of intercultural tolerance among university instructors in Japan and in the United States.
Focusing on "intercultural tolerance" as one of the prerequisites for multicultural coexistence, this study examined the psychological aspects of how latent intolerance in the human psyche toward other cultures is overcome and other cultures are accepted, and tentatively put forward a process model of expression of intercultural tolerance.
I began by reviewing previous findings in the literature on the concept of "intercultural tolerance" and defined the concepts used in the study. I next sought out the psychological factors thought to affect intercultural tolerance according to the psychological literature and, based on these factors, tentatively proposed a process model of the expression of intercultural tolerance.
Identifying three psychological factors・1) the cognitive assessments employed in choosing coping strategies when stressful events are encountered, (2) interpersonal affects (feelings toward specific individuals) and the interpersonal motivations affecting them, and (3) the beliefs, or modes of thought, held when a person experiences feelings or engages in behavior-I then explored the versatility of these factors when examining the factors affecting expressions of intercultural tolerance.