MAKITA Yoshio Asahikawa Medical College, Pediatrics, Instructor, 医学部, 助手 (20271778)
MUKAI Tokuo Asahikawa Medical College, Pediatrics, Instructor, 医学部, 助手 (50374799)
中江 淳 旭川医科大学, 医学部, 講師 (00344573)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,700,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,600,000)
In order to investigate the association of genetic background of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis to pubertal onset, we selected appropriate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), luteinizing hormone, (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), HSD17B3, CYP3A4, CYP17, CYP1B1, and CYP1A2 genes. Information on SNPs of those genes are collected from two SNP databases (JSNP : http://snp.ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ and Ensemble Project : http://www.ensembl.org/Homo_sapiens/). There are 10 SNPs in the GNRH1 gene, 4 SNPs in the LHB gene, 6 SNPs in the FSHB gene, 12 SNPs in the HSD17B3 gene, 7 SNPs in the CYP1A2 gene, 8 SNPs in the CYP3A4 gene, 6 SNPs in the CYP1B1 gene, 8 SNPs in the CYP3A4 gene, and 12 SNPs in the CYP17A1 gene. We constructed forward and backward primer to amplify the SNPs and analyze alleies using Primer 3 (http://www-genome.wi.mit.edu/cgi-bin/primer/primer3_www.cgi). Then, we calculated r2 and D' in each SNPs in the gene to select candidate SNPs for haplotype analysis. We decided to select 3 SNPs in the GnRH gene, 3 SNPs in the LHB gene, 4 SNPs in the FSHB gene, 9 SNPs in the HSD17B3 gene, 8 SNPS in the CYP17gene, 5 SNPs in the CYP1B1 gene, and 5 SNPS in the CYP1A2 gene. We could not select any SNPs in the CYP 3A4 gene because of high correlation between each SNPs.
Using these SNPs in the genes, we have to construct haplotype to clarify genetic control of pubertal onset.