|Budget Amount *help
¥3,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,600,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥3,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,100,000)
Objective : Inflammatory response of leukocyte is one of the causes of cerebral injury after trauma, trasplantation, or ischemia. This is speculated from the facts, elimination of leukocytes or administration of ICAM antibody, which prevents adhesion of leukocyte to vessel endothelial cell, decreases cerebral injury after ischemia. On the other hand, intravenous anesthetic propofol prevents leukocyte adhesion and emigration during endotoxin shock. Furthermore propofol has cerebral protective effect against ischemia, and this is not explained only by decrease of brain metabolism. And it is speculated that propofol protect brain by preventing leukocyte adhesion and emigration during ischemia. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of propofol on the leukocyte adhesion and emigration after cerebral ischemia. Methods : Japanese white rabbits were anesthetized by intravenous pentobarbital and cranial window was made on the parietal bone. Pial venule, 20-30 μm diameter, was observed using microscope with video camera and recorded on personal computer. To visualize leukocytes rhodamine 6G was administered. The number of rolling, adhesion, and emigration of leukocyts was counted. To make cerebral ischemia, carotid arteries were occluded bilaterally and mean arterial blood pressure(MABP) was maintained at 50 mmHg by bleeding. After 1-hour ischemia, reperfusion was performed by perfusion of carotid arteries and infusion of blood. After surgery the animals were divided into two groups, isoflurane group or propofol group. Results : The number of rolling, adhesion, and emingration of leukocytes did not differ between groups. Discussion : From this study it is speculated that the protective effect of propofol during cerebral ischemia is not through preventing leukocyte adhesion or emigration.