Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Tottori University |
FUJII Tadashi Tottori University, Facuty of Regional Sciences, Professor, 地域学部, 教授 (20165335)
TOMITA Kazuaki Osaka City Univertsity, Graduate School of letters, Professor, 大学院文学研究科, 教授 (90116228)
TOYODA Tesuya Tokushima Univercity, Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Associate Professor, 総合科学部, 助教授 (30260615)
KAGAWA Takashi Kyoto University of Education, Faculty of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (70214252)
TANI Kenji Saitma University, Faculty of Education, Associate professor, 教育学部, 助教授 (40323381)
TANIGUCHI Mamoru Okayama University, Graduate School of Environments, Professor, 大学院環境学研究科, 教授 (00212043)
千葉 昭彦 東北学院大学, 経済学部, 教授 (00227323)
藤塚 吉浩 高知大学, 教育学部, 助教授 (70274347)
坪本 裕之 首藤大学, 東京・都市環境学部, 助手 (40291570)
石川 雄一 長崎県立大学, 経済学部, 助教授 (00232273)
古賀 慎二 立命館大学, 文学部, 助教授 (10234725)
山下 宗利 佐賀大学, 文化教育学部, 助教授 (40202379)
|Project Period (FY)
2004 – 2006
Completed(Fiscal Year 2006)
|Budget Amount *help
¥37,570,000 (Direct Cost : ¥28,900,000、Indirect Cost : ¥8,670,000)
Fiscal Year 2006 : ¥10,530,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,100,000、Indirect Cost : ¥2,430,000)
Fiscal Year 2005 : ¥10,920,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,400,000、Indirect Cost : ¥2,520,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥16,120,000 (Direct Cost : ¥12,400,000、Indirect Cost : ¥3,720,000)
|Keywords||Metropolitan Area / Suburb / Compact City / Smart Growth / Transit ion of Socoeconomic Structure / Central Area of the city / Living Behavior / ジェントリフィケーション|
This study composed of three parts. First : Structural change in Metropolitan Areas from the view of the relationship between residence and economic activities. Second part : Decline of Central Area and Countermeasures in Local Cities. Third part : Renovations of Urban Centers in Central cities and suburbs and the spatial structure of Metropolitan Areas in Anglosaxon countries.
In first part, we show so-called back-to-the-city movement in population, is exactly speaking, the degrading of suburbanization not large immigration increase to the central city. This situation have intricate movements inside suburbs or central city. And now the important point is sustainability of various people in each areas. Regarding to economic activities, locations and type of offices are diversified. Importance of Amenity in urban areas are pointed out. Close connecti on between elements of region or urban ares are getting importance again in the transition of socio economic structure.
In local cities, various functions other than retail are needed in order to renovate central areas. Constructions of condomiums in central area are found, but "food desert" problems are also found. Compact city policy is a brand new integration of urban and transportation policies to form new urban structure in 2 1st century. But in this new direction, discussion is needed more about concentrated type and network type of compact cities.
These kinds of new spatial planning are underway already in abroad. Even new suburban centers along new LRT after dead mall were constructed in US. These new examples show networks of compact cities and new visions. Points to challenge hence is to analyze precisely the relationship between situations in these three parts.