Comprehensive Study on the Reform of Governmental System based upon New Historical Materials
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||University of the Air |
AMAKAWA Akira University of the Air, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Professor, 教養学部, 教授 (10009813)
FUKUNAGA Fumio Dokkyo Univ., Law, Professor, 法学部, 教授 (60199255)
SASAGAWA Ryutarou Ishinomaki Senshu Univ., Business Administration, Prof., 経営学部, 教授 (80215706)
NUNOTA Tsutomu Tohoku Univ., International Culture, Professor, 大学院・国際文化研究科, 教授 (20134760)
AKASAKA Kouichi Kanazawa Univ., Law, Associate Professor, 法学部, 助教授 (90362011)
OKADA Akira Takushoku Univ., Political Economy, Professor, 政経学部, 教授 (20286925)
小野 直樹 武蔵工業大学, 環境情報学部, 助教授 (00298019)
|Project Period (FY)
2004 – 2006
Completed (Fiscal Year 2006)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2006: ¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2005: ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥6,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,100,000)
|Keywords||occupation studies / constitution / reform of governmental system / U.S.-Japan relations|
Every year all investigators joined together at a conference to make progress reports and to make discussions on them. Other leading researchers on this area were invited to the conference and made presentations on their recent research and on the materials newly declassified.
Research and collecting new materials in the United States was conducted at the National Archives II at College Park, MD, at the Truman Library, Independence MO, and at the MacArthur Memorial in Norfolk, VA. In addition research on some personal papers were conducted such as the Alfred Oppler papers at New York University at Albany, the Wifrid Fleisher papers at Wyoming University and the William Woodard papers at the University of Oregon. These personal papers were left unnoticed by researchers until recently
Research on domestic documents was conducted mainly at the National Archives of Japan and at the National Diet Library.
Akasaka found at the Lower House of the National Diet the Naito Papers which was not know
n to researchers before.
This report comprises of three parts ; Part I. Present Conditions of Research and Historical Documents ; Part II. Process of Reform of the Governmental System ; Part III. Institutional Reforms and After.
In Part I, Deguchi summarizes present research situations on the postwar legal reforms. Sasagawa and Nunota followed detailed discussion process at the Constitution Investigation Committee, which was revealed by the newly found documents from the Otomo Ichiro papers.
In Part II, Akasaka go into details of the newly found Naito papers and its significance on Diet reform research. Sasagawa proposes a new interpretation on the "Cofessor questions" and the "MacArthur Notes," both of which were critical to the start of the Government Section's constitution drafting. Both Kim and Compel discuss on the influence of other issues in the GHQ upon GS's constitution making. Kim points out the issue of the Imperial Household property and Compel discuss the issue of territorial questions. All of their works cited here suggest a need to study constitutional reform from a new broader perspective including American military" s involvement in the constitution making.
In Part III, Fukunaga and Okada treats problems after the constitution making and Ono proposes a new framework to understand occupation reform from present perspective. Less
Report (4 results)
Research Products (26 results)