TAKAGI Yasuoki The University of the Air, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Professor, 教養学部, 教授 (10104605)
YANAGITA Tatsuo The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Professor, 大学院・新領域創成科学研究科, 教授 (00197500)
YOSHIDA Tsuneaki The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Professor, 大学院・新領域創成科学研究科, 教授 (20292881)
MINATO Takayuki The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Associate professor, 大学院・新領域創成科学研究科, 助教授 (70271591)
ANBUMOZHI V IGES, Kansai Research Center, Senior Policy Researcher, 関西研究センター, 主任研究員 (70313004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥13,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥13,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2006: ¥3,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2005: ¥4,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2004: ¥5,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥5,300,000)
Irrigation Development Projects, aiming food production increase and rural income increase, had been spread in from 1950's to 1980's, however, the projects had depressed in 1990's, then became into the spotlight in the 21st century, after the water problems have become a global issue..
First, our team analyzed irrigation projects in Japan holistically, especially in Aichi Yousui irrigation project, in which the eagerness of water users is very high. We investigated various documents written in 1960's and made interviews to the promoters of the project. Then, irrigation development projects in Selawesi, Jawa, Bali and Lombok islands of Indonesia funded by Japanese ODA are analyzed from viewpoint of sustainability. In eastern Indonesia, not only traditional water resource development projects but also new projects which aim water saving and high productivity have been spreading recently. In those projects, enlightenment and distribution of new techniques are in execution. And in some project area, improvement of farmers' income and increase of welfare are reported.
In Tamil Nadu state in India, traditional tank (reservoir) irrigation areas located in urban fringe area are damaged in land use, water use and labor distribution. In which area, new orders should be pursued to lead to new sustainable conditions.
Through these case studies, land productivity, water productivity, labor productivity, competitiveness with other industries and so on are chosen as evaluation indicators of irrigation technique transfer projects. And in the process of the projects, role allotments between main actors, such as farmers, donors and local governments, are extracted to be an important element.