|Budget Amount *help
¥3,070,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,800,000、Indirect Cost: ¥270,000)
Fiscal Year 2007: ¥1,170,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥270,000)
Fiscal Year 2006: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 2005: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
The research has been conducted 2005 to 2007 focused on three fishing communities, Yonouzu(Saeki-shi, Ooita-ken), Yoshimoura(Shimonoseki-shi, Yamaguchi-ken), Enoshima(Onagawa-machi, Ojika, Miyagi-ken).
The object of the research is the role of fisher-families playing part of formation and transformation of folklore using the frame work of life-history and ethnographical analysis.
For this micro-level research, two to three fisher families in each community were chosen as sampling data, then detailed information were collected by participant observation method. The following issues were examined using life history and ethnographical frame work.
1) Change of fishing 2) Chose of fishing behaviors according to environmental condition 3) Household economy of fisher family 4) Social participation of fisher family 5) Religion and ritual of fishing communities
I analyzed and considered how each family corresponded to these issue, in particular, based on gender relationship, that is husband - wife relations.
In every fishing community, however there are few differences, behaviors of woman (wife) has a strong function to each family for strategy of fishing conducted by husband and household economy, and the role of women is important during the absence of husband.
Facing to communal and environmental change, the importance of the role of women in a fisher family has been revealed.