|Budget Amount *help
¥1,250,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥150,000)
Fiscal Year 2007: ¥650,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000、Indirect Cost: ¥150,000)
Fiscal Year 2006: ¥600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥600,000)
This research aims to explore and describe how different groups of the poor in Nepal define "social justice" (samajik nyay) and how they are trying to realize it. On the background of this research project is the fact that, in the past 10 years, various groups within Nepals poorer axial strata have increasingly come to use the banns "social justice" and "justice" in talking about the situation in which they are in, and in talking about the need to change the situation. This research has aimed, through anthropological methods, to describe and analyze in when and in what situations, and with what senses and aims, these groups use the term, social justice. In particular the research has focused, among the poor groups of Nepal, the bonded agricultural laborers (called 'kamaiya'), and a dalit caste group called 'badi'. During the first year of the project, through archival researches and interviews, focused on reconstructing history at both the local and national levels. In the second and last year of the research project, sought to closely track and record the changing discourses and strategies of both the kamaiya and badi in the context of radical political and social changes in Nepal since 199) (including democratization, the Maoists' "People's War", the coup by the King, re-democratization and peace accord). With the data thus gathered, and through the continuing analysis of the detail changes in the strategies of these groups, it will be possible to grasp more dearly and in empirically grounded ways, the changing local, national and global dynamics that concern the axle-cultural and political lives of the poor in Nepal.