|Budget Amount *help
¥17,550,000 (Direct Cost: ¥13,500,000、Indirect Cost: ¥4,050,000)
Fiscal Year 2013: ¥1,170,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥270,000)
Fiscal Year 2012: ¥3,770,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥870,000)
Fiscal Year 2011: ¥2,470,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥570,000)
Fiscal Year 2010: ¥5,070,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,170,000)
Fiscal Year 2009: ¥5,070,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,170,000)
This study focused on developmental process of two dimensions of temperament observed from the early infancy, effortful control (individual difference in attention and the affective control) and behavioral inhibition (the tendency to withdraw from the novel things, person, and situation).
We confirmed the findings of robust longitudinal stability of effortful control and behavioral inhibition from infancy to toddlerhood. This study suggested the possibility of nurture attitude of parents toward toys and picture books promoted development of effortful control.