|Budget Amount *help
¥4,680,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,080,000)
Fiscal Year 2011: ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,000,000、Indirect Cost: ¥300,000)
Fiscal Year 2010: ¥910,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000、Indirect Cost: ¥210,000)
Fiscal Year 2009: ¥2,470,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥570,000)
(Background) In colorectal cancer(CRC), K-ras mutation is found in nearly 40% of the patients, and it is of prognostic significance(Onozato W et al, J Surg Oncol, 2010). Moreover, its knockdown in CRC cell lines with mutated K-ras gene results in robust reduction of ability of cell proliferation and anchorage independent growth(Shirasawa S, Science, 1993), both of which reflect metastatic ability. On the other hand, robust alterations of glycan structures have been reported in CRC promotion steps, accompanied by remarkable phenotypic changes, however there is no report that mentions the relationship of K-ras mutation and glycan change.(Materials and Methods) We examined glycan change of CRC cell lines(DLD1 and HCT116) somatically knocked out for K-ras gene by lectin array including 41 lectins to elucidate whether K-ras mutation-induced glycan changes play a critical role in CRC promotion.(Result)(1) In DLD1, we compared DLD1wild type genotype cells(DLD1, DKS-5) with those that were knocked out for mutated K-ras gene(DKO-3, DKS-8), and the signals of MAL, MPA, UEA-I, and TJA-II were remarkably decreased in the knockdown cells.(2) In HCT116, we compared HCT116 wild type genotypic cells(HCT116, Hk2-10) with those that were knocked out for the mutated K-ras gene(Hke-3), and both MAL and MPA were remarkably declined.(3) In both cell lines, expression changes of glycans which can bind with MAL and MPA were consistent with the results of the lectin blotting, and both lectin signals were confirmed to be commonly altered by removing the mutated K-ras gene.(Conclusion) Mutated K-ras may be involved in critical phenotype change of CRC, accompanied by abnormal sialic acid recognition.