|Budget Amount *help
¥142,610,000 (Direct Cost: ¥109,700,000、Indirect Cost: ¥32,910,000)
Fiscal Year 2014: ¥13,780,000 (Direct Cost: ¥10,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,180,000)
Fiscal Year 2013: ¥14,560,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,360,000)
Fiscal Year 2012: ¥15,210,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,700,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,510,000)
Fiscal Year 2011: ¥23,530,000 (Direct Cost: ¥18,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥5,430,000)
Fiscal Year 2010: ¥75,530,000 (Direct Cost: ¥58,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥17,430,000)
|Outline of Final Research Achievements
This study focused on reevaluating conditions based on samples taken from the Ayeyarwady, Mekong, and Chao Phraya rivers. Our calculations suggest that chemical weathering and associated CO2 uptake in the Himalayas have played a minor role in long-term global cooling in the past. In contrast, soil respiration in these river basins, which have thick, well-developed soil layers, increases river water pCO2, and on a short timescale these rivers function as strong sources of CO2 to the atmosphere.
In Paleocene/Eocene (P/E) transition at 56-57 Ma, a pH decrease was very likely responsible for the emergence of agglutinated foraminiferal fauna as calcareous fauna was eliminated by acidification. Current global emission rate (~7.3 peta gC yr-1) of anthropogenic carbon input is approximately 30 times. The results give an implication that the deep sea benthic fauna will be threatened in future in combination with ocean acidification.