|Budget Amount *help
¥45,240,000 (Direct Cost: ¥34,800,000、Indirect Cost: ¥10,440,000)
Fiscal Year 2015: ¥5,330,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,230,000)
Fiscal Year 2014: ¥6,890,000 (Direct Cost: ¥5,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,590,000)
Fiscal Year 2013: ¥6,760,000 (Direct Cost: ¥5,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,560,000)
Fiscal Year 2012: ¥26,260,000 (Direct Cost: ¥20,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥6,060,000)
|Outline of Final Research Achievements
In livestock animals, we identified the enzymatic characters of cytochrome P450 as typical phase I enzyme for xenobiotics. We also analyzed glucronyltrasnferase and sulfotransferase dependent metabolites in urine samples from mammalians including livestock animals, to elucidate the ability of xenobiotic conjugating detoxification. In field surveillance at Asia and African countries, heavy metals are major accumulated environmental pollutants in cattle, and the accumulating pattern is unique in ruminants. In case of poultry species, we clarify the expressed cytochrome P450 and phase II enzymes in liver using transcriptome analyses method and in silico analyses, and we compared the structure of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes in poultry species to those of mammals.