|Budget Amount *help
¥44,720,000 (Direct Cost: ¥34,400,000、Indirect Cost: ¥10,320,000)
Fiscal Year 2016: ¥7,930,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,830,000)
Fiscal Year 2015: ¥12,090,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,790,000)
Fiscal Year 2014: ¥11,830,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,730,000)
Fiscal Year 2013: ¥12,870,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,970,000)
|Outline of Final Research Achievements
Tropical Asian environments receive various origin effluents, which contain antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). This study found that sulfonamides are abundant in veterinary and human discharges in Bangkok and rural areas. Cephalosporin resistant E. coli was highly abundant in animal effluent, and fly should be a vector of the bacteria. Yet-to-be cultured bacteria possess specific ARG of sulfonamide. This study could reveal specific characters of ARGs and antibiotic contamination in Thailand aquatic environments.