|Budget Amount *help
¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1988: ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1987: ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
Two curricula for this study (Plan A: induction-oriented, Plan B: deduction-oriented) were made in cooperation with co-workers in five prefectural centers for educational research and elementary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools. The topics of lessons were 'The function of a lever' for the 5th graders in elementary level, 'Generation of hear by an electric current' for the 2nd graders in lower secondary level, and 'Work' for the 1st graders in upper secondary level. Science lessons based on plan A and B were given at the experimental schools in four districts (Iwate, Gifu, Okayama, Hiroshima). After the lessons, students were examined on the practical abilities, science knowledge, scientific attitude, understanding of science, etc.
The main results are as follows; 1. In comparisons of practical tests and science tests between plan A and B, at all levels, there are many items in which the scores of students on plan A are higher than the ones on plan B. 2. Particularly, at lower secondary level, there is a tendency that deduction-oriented plan B has more effect on the students with high achievement, and induction-oriented plan A has more effect on the students with low achievement.