Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||National Museum of Ethnology |
FUKUI Katsuyoshi National Museum of Ethnology, 第3研究部, 助教授 (60014510)
GIRMA Kidane アディス, アベバ大学・エチオピア研究所, 博物館長
TADDESE Beye アディス, アベバ大学・エチオピア研究所, 所長
MIYAWAKI Yukio College of Integrated Arts and Sciences University of Osaka Prefecture, 総合科学部, 助手 (60174223)
SHIGETA Masayoshi The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 助手 (80215962)
DEGUCHI Akira Shimane University Faculty of law and literature., 法文学部, 助教授 (20172116)
HIEDA Osamu Department of Arabic and African Languages, Osaka University of Foreign Studies., 外国語学部, 助教授 (90181057)
OHTSUKA Kazuo National Museum of Ethnology, 第3研究部, 助教授 (70142015)
HORI Nobuyuki College of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, 総合科学部, 助教授 (40087143)
KIDANE Girma Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University
BEYENE Taddese Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University
|Project Period (FY)
1988 – 1990
Completed (Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥37,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥37,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1990: ¥3,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1989: ¥22,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥22,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1988: ¥11,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,000,000)
|Keywords||Subsistence System / Multiplication Strategy / Inter-ethnic relationship / Folk Model / Indigenous Science|
The research of this year has been carried out as the final stage of the project, "Comparative Studies on the Systems of Subsistence Economy". The results obtained thus far are as follows.
1. Data, including audio-visual materials, cultural materials and plant specimens collected in field research have been all put in order and kept in the National Museum of Ethnology. We are going to develop a sorting system, and the data have already been ready for input.
2. The investigators of the project have read papers at the conference held at the National Museum, in which specialists in related fields participated. Through exchange of ideas, we have developed from individual case studies some general models on "Folk Models" as systems of indigenous scientific knoeledge. One of the models has been named "Multiplication Strategy", in which multiplication of cattle coat color in pastoral societies as well as that of varieties of ensete and sorghum in agricultural societies are included. "Multipication Strategies" found in these societies have some common features, and have turned out to be appropriate adaptive strategies to natural environment. The participants invited from Addis Ababa University have contributed to the discussion by offerring their own ideas on the possibility of application of this strategy to other areas. The results of-the conference will be published in two volumes on "Senri Ethnological Studies" edited in the National Museum.
3. Hori and Miyawaki, the investigators of the project, had continued field research since last academic year, and have returned with fruitful results. Fukui, the head of the project, has carried out field research on subsistence system among the Bodi, an agro-pastoralist of south-western Ethiopia, and has returned. Fukui, Miyawaki and Shigeta are going to attend the International Conference held at Addis Ababa University and to report the results of the project.