1996 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary
Religious Pro-Slavery Argument in the Ante-Bellum South
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
History of Europe and America
|Kobe Jogakuin College
SHIMIZU Tadashige Kobe Jogakuin College Faculty of Literature Professor, 文学部, 教授 (20025076)
|Project Period (FY)
1995 – 1996
|Pro-slavery arguments / "positive good" / colonization of Afro-Americans / "servia natura"
There were three types of pro-slavery arguments in the ante-bellum South. This paper deals with two of them, that is religious type and sociological one. The former tries to stress the absolute authority of God and after that assertion insists that right or wrong was ordained by God' law for the first time and that sin was not existed before that law. Under these logics, many southern clergymen collected the Bible sentences that seemed to approve slavery. On the other hand, the latter type tries to praise the Southern warm paternalistic society, especialy the relationship between the master and the slave, pointing out the selfish and cold relationship of Northern free society. This type of assertion was completed by George Fitzhu, who justified the master-slave relationship by making use of Aristotle's old theory of servi a natura and, using socialist's up-to-date theory, asserted that Southern plantation was an ideal form of communism.
Research Products (2 results)