1996 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary
STUDY ON PHASE TRANSITION OF Si (111) 7x7 STRUCTURE BY MONTE-CARLO SIMULATION
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||FUKUOKA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY |
KATO Tomohiko FUKUOKA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS,PROFESSOR, 工学部, 教授 (90023217)
|Project Period (FY)
1995 – 1996
|Keywords||Si (111) 7x7 structure / DAS structure / 2-D phase transition / structural phase transition / quenched surface / pattern formation / lattice gas model|
<1> Modeling of 7x7 structure
The surface structure is described in terms of two states of each unit which is defined as a triangular half of the 7x7 unit cell. The two states ; one a stacking-faulted structure and the other '1x1' structure, is expressed by a number operator in the lattice gas model. The Hamiltonian of the system is given by a functional of the number operators. We derive relations between the in interactions and formation energies of components of 7x7 structure and find existence of a type of three-body interaction. Considering the '1x1' structure a set of disordered states, we introduce the degeneracy.
<2> Numerical calculation
We performed numerical calculations for the above model by Monte-Calro simulation. It results that
(1) the structure undergoes the first order transition as the experiments (2) the characteristic features of growing patterns from F-step, U-step, terrace on the quenched surface are well reproduced (3) the temperature dependence of the critical size for nucleation on the quenched surface is qualitatively in agreement with the experimental result.
<3> Publication of results
The above results have been got by various trials. The result in each stage was published in reported in Research Bulletin of Fukuoka Institute of Technology and reported in several meetings of Physical Society of Japan. Now, we are going to submit a paper which include the new results to some scientific journal.
Research Products (4 results)